LGBTQ2IA+ individuals can experience higher rates of violence due to the intersections of misogyny, homophobia, and transphobia. This experience of violence can be heightened by the intersections of other forms of marginalization, such as racism, colonialism, ablism, and classism.
- Women who self-identified as lesbian or bisexual reported over 3x higher rates of violence by a partner than heterosexual women (11% vs. 3%)9
- Canadians who identified as homosexual or bisexual had a rate of sexual assault that was six times higher than those who identified as heterosexual10
Sex: The medical classification of people as male, female or intersex. Sex characteristics include chromosomes, hormones, secondary sex characteristics, and other aspects of the body.
Gender identity: A person’s internal and individual experience of gender. This is a person’s sense of being a woman, a man, both, neither or anywhere on the gender spectrum. This sense of self is separate from sex assigned at birth and is not related to sexual orientation. Gender identity is internal; it is not necessarily visible to others.
Sexual orientation: A person’s physical, romantic and/or emotional attraction to another person. This can include straight, gay, lesbian, pansexual, bisexual, asexual, queer, questioning, etc.
Cisgender is used for people whose gender identity is in alignment with the sex assigned to them at birth. (Cis meaning “in alignment with” or “on the same side”). The prefixes cis and trans work together as umbrella terms to classify all gender identities, so no identity is normalized. To be used as an adjective.
Trans is an umbrella term that describes people with diverse gender identities and gender expressions that do not conform to stereotypical ideas about what it means to be a girl/woman or boy/man in society. “Trans” can mean transcending beyond, existing between, or crossing over the gender spectrum. It includes, but is not limited to, people who identify as transgender, transsexual, cross-dressers, or gender non-conforming (gender variant or genderqueer).
Many folks choose to use the terms ‘gender queer’, ‘gender non-conforming’, and ‘gender non-binary’ to highlight how gender is a spectrum. There are not two categories for gender identity (eg man or woman).
Our education department provides workshops and trainings on LGBTQ21A+ experiences and allyship for classrooms, businesses and community groups. Find more information on our ‘Workshops & Trainings’ page.